According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 946 square miles. It is the second-largest county in Massachusetts by land area. The highest natural point in Massachusetts is Mount Greylock located in Berkshire Cnty @ 3,492 feet.
Berkshire County is one of two Massachusetts counties that borders three different neighboring states (Vermont, New York and Connecticut). Berkshire County touches both the northern and southern state lines.
Running north-south through the county are the Hoosac Range of the Berkshire Hills in the eastern part of the county and the Taconic Mountains in the western part of the county. Due to their elevation, the Berkshires attract tourists and summer residents eager to escape the heat of the lowlands.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 131,219 people, 56,091 households, and 33,618 families residing in the county. The population density was 141.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 68,508 housing units at an average density of 73.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.5% white, 2.7% black or African American, 1.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.5% of the population. Immigration is a significant cause of population increase.
| Tyringhrun |
| 358 |
|4||Otis Town||I ,248|
|5||Mount Washington Town||150|
|10||New Ashford Town||225|
|11||West Stockbridge Town||1,573|
|I2||Great Barrington Town||7,131|
|I8||New Marlborough Town||1,499|
|23|| Hancock Town |
Great Barrington CDP
| 713 |
The Mahican (Muh-he-ka-neew) Native American tribe lived in the area that now makes up Berkshire County until the early 18th century, when the first English settlers and frontiersmen appeared and began setting up farms and home steads. On April 25, 1724, “The English paid the Indians 460 pounds, 3 barrels of cider, and 30 quarts of rum for what is today Berkshire County. “This deal did not include modern Sheffield, Stockbridge, Richmond, and Lenox, which were added later.
In the 19th century, Berkshire County became popular with the American elite, which built what they called “cottages” throughout the countryside. The Gilded Age ended in the early 20th century with the income tax, World War I, and the Great Depression. In the 20th, century some of these cottages were torn or burned down, while others became prep schools, historic sites, or bed-and-breakfast inns.
Today Berkshtire is known throughout the East Coast and the country as the summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. It includes attractions such as Tanglewood, the Norman Rockwell Museum, Mass MOCA, and Hancock Shaker Village.
There is a great need to plant a faithful congregation of Churches of Christ in Berkshire County, MA.